Okay, I promise I will try and keep this one shorter!
Following a few conversations with people who campaigned to stay in the EU, I decided to undertake some research on how immigration has affected our population. I would like to thank these particular people because, as a result of my delving into the subject matter, I am now even more convinced that I was correct in my decision to vote to leave with the current immigration situation being my (and many others) main area of concern. I have also improved on my O Level mathematical skills!!
I have used figures obtained from a number of different sources, eg. Office of National Statistics (ONS), Home Office, Department of Work and Pensions, to name but a few. NB. I have not used any biased or media related websites to eliminate any of the figures having been ‘massaged’ in favour of a particular view.
I hope this provides for interesting reading……….
DEFINITION OF NET MIGRATION – In simple terms, net migration is the number of persons immigrating to the UK, minus the number of persons emigrating from the UK. If a plus figure, more people are coming into this country. If a minus figure, more people are leaving this country.
Net migration has not been a minus figure since approximately 1992. Since 1998, net migration has exceeded 100,000 rising to 200,000 in 2004. Net migration has been exceeding 300,000 since 2014.
Long Term (more than 12 months) migration figures estimated for 2015 (with margin of error allowed for):-
- Immigration = 630,000
- Emigration = 297,000
- NET MIGRATION = 333,000
Since 2011, emigration has stabilised. As such, any increase in net migration over recent years has been directly attributable to increased immigration.
Of the 630,000 persons that immigrated to the UK, the majority consisted of 270,000 EU citizens and 277,000 non-EU citizens (immigration/emigration estimates have not yet been revised, hence are not consistent with the revised net immigration estimates). Bearing in mind a percentage of persons will then leave the country (emigrate), the actual additional number (net) of immigrants estimated to have entered the UK during 2015 is 184,000 EU citizens and 188,000 non-EU citizens.
Since 2011, the number of non-EU immigrants has been declining whereas EU immigrants has been increased creating a split of circa 50/50.
Of the 630,000 persons that immigrated to the UK, surveys indicate that 308,000 came for work purposes and approximately 160,000 came to study.
Of the 160,000 persons who cited study purposes as their reason for coming to the UK, 72% were non-EU citizens (the remainder being EU and British immigrants).
Of the 308,000 persons who cited work purposes as their reason for coming to the UK, 61% were EU citizens compared to 24% for non-EU citizens.
42% of both EU and non-EU citizens coming to the UK for work purposes did not have a definite job (an increase of 26,000 from 2014).
43% of EU citizens coming to the UK for work purposes did not have a definite job.
The above figures would indicate that EU citizens predominantly immigrate for work purposes and non-EU citizens immigrate for study purposes.
National Insurance Numbers (NINOs)
For the year ending March 2016, a total of 826,000 NINOs were issued. This figure includes both long term (12 months +) and short term (1 to 12 months) migration. Many short term migrants stay as long term migrants.
- 630,000 NINOs were issued to EU citizens.
- 195,000 NINOs were issued to non-EU citizens.
That is an additional 826, 000 persons who are able to access and use the UK’s public services in a one year period.
Between 2004 and 2014, the UK population growth averaged 0.7% (increase from an average of 0.3% prior to 2004).
The EU as a whole showed a growth of 0.3% for the same time period – a significant difference.
The populations of Eastern Europe saw a decrease for the same time period (supporting my view that substantial migration is occurring from less thriving countries to thriving countries causing a very uneven spread).
The average annual population growth from 2004 to 2014 in terms of persons (taking into account births, deaths, migration and other changes) was 465,000 per year. 243,000 of this figure (52%) was attributable to NET MIGRATION.
The annual population growth for 2014 in terms of persons was 491,000. 260,000 of this figure (just under 53%) was attributable to NET MIGRATION.
Controlled migration can have a positive effect on the economy in respect of research and development, furthering of studies, identification and filling of job gaps, seasonal work (eg. crop picking), etc. But net migration has been steadily climbing since the 1990s, to the point that it is now exceeding the 300,000 mark which is not sustainable and is proving detrimental to this country.
I hope you will take the time to read the above and make your own determination.